As a middle-school math teacher, I have seen many students who do understand abstract concepts, and even enjoy learning about things like Pi and the Pythagorean Theorem, but who appear to be unable to do so due to a weak grasp of math fundamentals.
Even the youngest students--kindergarteners--will benefit from printable worksheets. They will help your little one learn and master basic concepts in way that will capture and hold their attention. Remember that small kids enjoy doing things rather than simply reading or listening.
Or you can usually find textbooks and workbooks at the public library, where you can also copy any worksheets that you want to use.
For example, since I want to make sure my students get accustomed to reviewing the various math concepts and standards we've learned all year, I have them practice regularly. I want them to get to a point where they are so familiar with grade level math content, that solving these types of problems becomes automatic.